The following activities have been completed on the COWSO Project in first quarter 2018:

      • Conduct orientation training to Interim committee and village leaders to develop a draft constitution: SAWA/WARIDI oriented interim committees and village leaders to develop draft constitution for the Community Owned Water Supply Organizations ( COWSO). A total number of 130 Participants (38 females, 92males) from all 11 villages attended the trainings, which included extension workers at ward level, WEOs, VEOs, councilors, village chairs and influential people. A total of 11 COWSO orientation trainings on COWSO formation were conducted namely Parakuyo, Kisanga, Kitete, Mandera, Magole, Madoto, Zombo, Kitunduweta, Wedo, Madizini, and Mululu villages, these were identified interim committees for drafting COWSO Constitutions. Orientation trainings covered important topics such as understanding of National Water Policy and governing legislations/water Acts, COWSO Formation and registration procedures, Constitution writing. Action plans were developed after training for finalization of drafts and presenting to village meeting for endorsement to allow further actions towards registration and full training of committees. SAWA conducted close follow up to get right participants to lead the process of COWSO formation on behalf of particular Community. A total of 160 participants, 16 from each (Intern Committee members, Village Chair person, VEO, WEO, Councilor, Extension officers, Influential people etc) village identified were facilitated to be part and parcel of the COWSO formation process. Dates and locations were identified and agreed at village and District level for inclusive and integrated intervention.
      • COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.

        COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.

        Conducted training to new selected COWSO leaders and government officials (WEO, CDO, VEO, Village chairs, councilors ) from 5 new COWSOs of Mandera, Magole, Kitunduweta, Madoto and Kitete villages. The purposes was to equip them with knowledge on operation and maintenance, financial management, sanitation and hygiene, communication, customer care, environment and water safety and leadership skills. Total of 82 participants attended the trainings, (55 males and 27 females among them youth 27 from 5 villages. All Trained COWSOs managed to develop first year budget to set base, these will be presented for approval to village meetings. Other actions include identification and development of database of water users and those who are able to pay, vulnerable people who will require special attention (free service), opening of bank account etc.

      • Conducted a workshop with key stakeholders to share project progress and development of COWSO sustainable plan. A total of 41 people (10Females, 31 Males and youth 11) participants attended included CWST, DFT, WARIDI Engagement coordinator and representatives from wards and village level. Participants developed COWSO sustainability plan which will further be improved by SAWA in close collaboration with individual players in Kilosa District Council(such as DWE etc) before final draft sharing. Major parts of Sustainability plan facilitated were Institutional sustainability, Finance, Policy, Environmental Sustainability, and Technical. The facilitations were conducted in teams, discussions were in groups and group presentations were conducted one at a time and lastly discussions were held and agreements were recorded in the presentation sheets. Therefore COWSO sustainability plan development was gender conscious, inclusive and Integrative.

Challenges:
Short Project time line- because of the limited time the process of COWSO establishment has been very fast, the team had not enough time for community contact leaving people not that conversant which may affect their sustainability, especially for communities with projects in place. Therefore District Water Engineer requested to conduct close follow up support to newly developed COWSOs to ensure they take their course properly.

Way forward for COWSO project in Kilosa:

      1. Conduct training to water care takers and COWSO leaders on operation and maintenance of water facilities.
      2. In collaboration with DFT, assess COWSO capacity after 8 months using CCM.
      3. Conduct refresher training to COWSO and water care takers to strengthen their capacities immediately after assessment.
      4. Continued follow up and technical monitoring to provide back stopping support to COWSO for sustainability enhancement.