The following activities have been performed so far:
- Facilitated the district to establish a district wide hygiene and sanitation data base in order to know the magnitude of the challenge and plan accordingly. The team worked on following up to receive data from wards and villages. Close follow up was done with WEOs/Health officers at ward where they received the data and VEOs. The data was received in a consolidated manner from Wards A3 and the forms for aggregation at ward level and villages A2 aggregation at village level were collected. As agreed in the WARIDI ODF annual meeting, the future consolidated data by VEOs in A2 will be submitted to DHO for gathering a district report. During this period SAWA continued to receive reports and enter data in the program data base. Original forms for 15 wards with data have been given to DHO. As of February 23rd, the data base has been updated and 36 out of the 40 wards have fully presented their information.
- Conducted community post triggering meetings in Magore B village with the aim of facilitating community members to identify their hygiene and sanitation practices that lead to diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, and other unhygienic related diseases through CLTS approach (this village has not been triggered before). Sensitization meetings were conducted in Mululu, Madizini, Wedo (Kisanga ward); Maguha village in Maguha ward, Kitete and Mfulu villages in Kitete ward. These villages were triggered under NSC I, therefore the purpose was to remind and motivate the community to improve and achieve ODF status. Key findings from triggered villages (under NSCI) showed that communities have knowledge on sanitation, although the exercise was done a long time ago, there were little efforts done to improve sanitation and hygiene practices. For example, still most of the latrines are traditional, no hand washing facilities are observed, and water treatment is not practiced at all. Communities, after recognizing the gaps, jointly signed a declaration of stopping open defecation practices and began an action plan of how to end the bad practices. The exercise was jointly done by SAWA staff and District Facilitation Team and reached total of 985 people (442 males and 543 females). Follow up activities will continue to drive these villages to ODF status especially in making sure all households through their sub village leaders are reached.
- Conducted sanitation promotion events and BCC material provision hygiene and sanitation promotion, which aimed at increasing understanding among community members on good hygienic practices, awareness, and understanding of the importance of having improved sanitation facilities. The promotions were conducted through Radio Jamii Kilosa every Tuesday and the SAWA staff got an opportunity to discuss the pressing hygiene and sanitation issues that affect people either knowingly or unknowingly. Some of discussed issues include critical times of hand washing, characteristics of improved latrines, water treatment and safe storage, and liquid and solid waste management.
- SAWA team met with SWASH club at Kitete primary school where different topics on hygiene and sanitation, their roles as promoters of hygiene and sanitation in schools were discussed. Members of the club were very active and they knew their roles. The chair explained a few of their responsibilities, which included coordinating cleanliness around the school compound and latrines and educating their fellow children on maintaining cleanliness in the latrines. Personal hygiene was one of the topics discussed together with club members through questions and answers. In total, 44 pupils were reached in Kitete primary school.
- SAWA staff had an opportunity to discuss menstrual hygiene management with the girls who are already experiencing menses and some expecting it at any time. The menstrual wheel and “As we grow up” flip books were used to show the whole process of puberty, the physical and emotional changes that a girl experiences when she reaches that stage, or when she is about to. The girls had an opportunity to share their experiences when it first started, and also had an opportunity to get correct information on what should and shouldn’t be done during a menstrual period.
- Being rainy season, the amount of people able to attend the meetings was limited. Therefore, during post triggering gatherings and meetings the turn up of community members was not very large. A lot of people were busy with farm activities, and those who managed to attend the meeting arrived late, which caused the meeting to end very late in the evening. This also affected the deadline agreed upon with data collectors in collecting the submission of data from sub village level to district level.
Planned activities for upcoming period:
- Conduct stakeholders’ workshop to provide feedback of the status and to develop district/ward sanitation and hygiene plans.
- Follow up on latrines construction and hygiene practices.