Environmental Sanitation & Hygiene Promotion
In September 2015, world leaders met at the United Nations and made a commitment to achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals over the next 15 years. Collectively, these goals aim to end poverty, fight inequality and protect our natural environment. Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Sanitation and Water Action (SAWA) works within the framework of the new development agenda to support governments in achieving these goals. While all goals on this agenda are integrated and support one another, access to water and sanitation is a foundation for development towards health, equity, gender equality and education. Eliminating inequality is a crucial purpose of the new agenda. In achieving water and sanitation for all, SAWA works to reach the most vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Without equity and Inclusion, sustainable development is not possible. SAWA works on Targets 6.2 for Goal 6 under its Environmental Sanitation and hygiene promotion programme; “By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations”
For decades sanitation in Tanzania has been lagging behind due to the fact that the focus has been on curative than prevention coupled with lack of appropriate policy. The problem has been further aggravated with lack of awareness both at community and higher levels; with poor enforcement of laws and regulations related to sanitation.
Recognizing the fact that environmental sanitation and hygiene promotion are integral parts of the domestic water supply; SAWA consider environmental sanitation and hygiene promotion as a key focus areas of services provided by the organization. This involves planning, designing, construction of improved community based sanitation facilities (both household and public), piloting of affordable sanitation technologies and appropriate urban solid waste management. In terms of hygiene promotion the organization supports formation of hygiene promotion groups and provides support for demonstration of key hygiene promotion messages. The following are services provided under programme;
- Conducting assessments and baseline on issues related to hygiene and sanitation
- Promoting and facilitate low cost sanitation technologies .using different approaches such as child to child, PHAST, CLTS.
- Sensitizing communities on hygiene promotion focusing on hand washing with soap at critical times)
- Undertaking assessments, design and construction of sanitation facilities (including hand washing) at schools and other community institutions
- Provide training to schools and institutions on proper use and management of sanitation facilities
- Creating awareness to stakeholders (municipalities, parents and children) on the importance of school WASH for sustainability
- Creating Awareness, capacity building and advocacy on importance of menstrual hygiene managements (MHM)
- Conducting project monitoring and evaluations