Programmes

Environmental Sanitation & Hygiene Promotion

In September 2015, world leaders met at the United Nations and made a commitment to achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals over the next 15 years. Collectively, these goals aim to end poverty, fight inequality and protect our natural environment. Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Sanitation and Water Action (SAWA) works within the framework of the new development agenda to support governments in achieving these goals. While all goals on this agenda are integrated and support one another, access to water and sanitation is a foundation for development towards health, equity, gender equality and education. Eliminating inequality is a crucial purpose of the new agenda. In achieving water and sanitation for all, SAWA works to reach the most vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Without equity and Inclusion, sustainable development is not possible. SAWA works on Targets 6.2 for Goal 6 under its Environmental Sanitation and hygiene promotion programme; “By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations”

For decades sanitation in Tanzania has been lagging behind due to the fact that the focus has been on curative than prevention coupled with lack of appropriate policy. The problem has been further aggravated with lack of awareness both at community and higher levels; with poor enforcement of laws and regulations related to sanitation.

Recognizing the fact that environmental sanitation and hygiene promotion are integral parts of the domestic water supply; SAWA consider environmental sanitation and hygiene promotion as a key focus areas of services provided by the organization. This involves planning, designing, construction of improved community based sanitation facilities (both household and public), piloting of affordable sanitation technologies and appropriate urban solid waste management. In terms of hygiene promotion the organization supports formation of hygiene promotion groups and provides support for demonstration of key hygiene promotion messages. The following are services provided under programme;

  • Conducting assessments and baseline on issues related to hygiene and sanitation
  • Promoting and facilitate low cost sanitation technologies .using different approaches such as child to child, PHAST, CLTS.
  • Sensitizing communities on hygiene promotion focusing on hand washing with soap at critical times)
  • Undertaking assessments, design and construction of sanitation facilities (including hand washing) at schools and other community institutions
  • Provide training to schools and institutions on proper use and management of sanitation facilities
  • Creating awareness to stakeholders (municipalities, parents and children) on the importance of school WASH for sustainability
  • Creating Awareness, capacity building and advocacy on importance of menstrual hygiene managements   (MHM)
  • Conducting project monitoring and evaluations

Water Supply

In September 2015, world leaders met at the United Nations and made a commitment to achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals over the next 15 years. Collectively, these goals aim to end poverty, fight inequality and protect our natural environment. Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Sanitation and Water Action (SAWA) works within the framework of the new development agenda to support governments in achieving these goals. While all goals on this agenda are integrated and support one another, access to water and sanitation is a foundation for development towards health, equity, gender equality and education. Eliminating inequality is a crucial purpose of the new agenda. In achieving water and sanitation for all, SAWA works to reach the most vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Without equity and Inclusion, sustainable development is not possible. Goal 6 is a comprehensive goal addresses the entire water cycle, from access to use and efficiency, and the integrated management of water resources and water-related ecosystems. SAWA works on Targets 6.1 for Goal 6 under its water supply programme; “By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all”

The main thrust of the organization is to support communities to have reliable access to clean and safe water within reduced distances. SAWA uses Multiple Use of Water Services (MUS) Approach in provision of water service with greater consideration of appropriated technologies and cost effectiveness, provides advisory and supervisory services for the construction of different types of water supply systems (e.g. wells, boreholes, piped schemes, and rainwater harvesting systems). This includes planning, designing and extraction of ground water, surface water and rainwater sources for different purposes e.g. domestic, irrigation, livestock and industrial use and technical management services of piped water schemes. The following services are offered in water supply programme;

 

  • Boreholes (Machine drilled medium and deep wells)
  • Boreholes development ( flushing, pump test and water quality analysis
  • Rain water harvesting facilities and systems
  • Provision of Piped water schemes (Pumped and gravity)
  • Environmental impact assessments
  • Mapping services and GPS surveys
  • Installation of different pumps and power systems such as solar, windmills , electrical pumps (i.e. submersible) and engine driven pumps (i.e. mono pumps).
  • Design and Construction of water infrastructures such as water points, storage tanks, cattle troughs, pump house etc.

Capacity Building

  • Goal 6 – and within its specific targets on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) – shows that world leaders understand the importance of making these essentials norms for the world’s most marginalized people. Despite progress, over 768 million people still don’t have safe water, and 2.5 billion don’t have a safe toilet ( reference needed here). As a result, diarrhea continue to kill 2,000 children every day(www.wateraid.org/post2015) It’s costing lives, and preventing families, communities and countries from reaching their full potential. This crisis is a denial of people’s human rights to water and sanitation. Governments aren’t doing enough, and we need to support and hold them to account and make sure they deliver on their promise and sustain the impact.The hard work to put the SDGs into action has already begun. We are helping the government at all levels to develop plans and policies that will enable them to reach everyone with lasting services, and help Central and local government authorities (LGAs) reach their goals. For example, Sanitation and Water Action (SAWA) in collaboration with development partners such as UNICEF, USAID through Tetra Tech , Better Lives, Plan International Tanzania etc is supporting government’s efforts to make sure integrated WASH and livelihoods programs implemented realize: SDG (3)” Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.”, SDG (4) “Ensure inclusive and equitable education for all.” SDG (5) “Ensure gender equality and empower all women and girls.” SDG (6) “Ensure availability of water and sanitation for all.” And SDG (12) “Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.”Given the pressing need for capacity building of the stakeholders as well as private and public institutions, SAWA undertakes Consultancy services towards developing appropriate strategies for human resources development and organizational development in the Water and Environmental sanitation sectors.  SAWA also work collaboratively with the local government, and communities from planning to evaluation to ensure sustainability of installed facilities. It encourages also communities to actively take charge of their own development. The following services are offered in this programme to enhance realization of Global, Continental, regional and local goals and programmes;
    • Institutional and organizational capacity building
    • Technologies for water supplies and sanitation systems
    • Construction methods and contractual procedures
    • Contract preparation and supervision
    • Finance and management of water supply systems.
    • Formation and training of Water Users association/Water user groups
    • Community management and social mobilization
    • Adult learning techniques (participatory methods)
    • Different technological options for water and sanitation
    • Ground water survey (hand auguring/ drilling)
    • Rain water harvesting technology
    • Construction of sanitary facilities
    • Monitoring and Evaluation techniques
    • Appropriate water and sanitary technology
    • Hygiene and sanitation education
    • User level operation and maintenance (ULOM) of water and sanitary facilities
    • Soil and water conservation
    • Water quality analysis
    • Gender, Equity and Inclusion on WASH E.g. MHM promotion
    • Climate change prevention, mitigation and adaption measures to empower vulnerable groups in the community.

Integrated Water Resource Management

In September 2015, world leaders met at the United Nations and made a commitment to achieve 17 Sustainable Development Goals over the next 15 years. Collectively, these goals aim to end poverty, fight inequality and protect our natural environment. Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Sanitation and Water Action (SAWA) works within the framework of the new development agenda to support governments in achieving these goals. While all goals on this agenda are integrated and support one another, access to water and sanitation is a foundation for development towards health, equity, gender equality and education. Eliminating inequality is a crucial purpose of the new agenda. In achieving water and sanitation for all, SAWA works to reach the most vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. Without equity and Inclusion, sustainable development is not possible.  SAWA works on Targets 6.3 for Goal 6 under its Integrated Water Resources Management programme; “By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally”. The following services are offered under this programme;

  • Water resource and Environmental impact assessments
  • Water quality analysis
  • Geotechnical and Hydro geological investigations
  • Mapping services and GPS surveys
  • Formation and training of Water Users association/Water user groups
  • Creating awareness to community on the importance of protection and conservation of water resources
  • Conduct awareness creation, capacity building and advocacy on prevention, mitigation and adaption climate change impacts in the community

Popularizing various polices and guidelines related to water and sanitation at the local level.