UMATA – Sanitation and Demand Creation in Kongwa – 2017 Q4

SAWA has managed to implement the UMATA program in the Kongwa District Council by facilitating demand creation for communities living in Kongwa Rural villages and urban centers, which covers 31 villages with 146- sub-villages (total household 26,859 with population of 128,208 people (63,758 are male and 64,450 female) in 11 wards with school children from 38 primary schools. The contract was over the period of May 1st 2016 to October 31st 2017.

SAWA worked in collaboration with the district team from Kongwa through DHO, the SWASH Coordinator, the Community Development Officer at ward, and village level worked with Ward Health officers, Ward Education officers, WEOs, Village Executive officers, and community members through CLTS teams.

SAWA used community-led total sanitation (CLTS) approach for demand creation and triggering the community to stop open defecation. The triggering involved rapport building with the community, participatory analysis, ignition moment, action planning by the community, promotion of hand washing, and conducted close follow up.

SAWA played a role in capacity development to ward and village leaders through multiple trainings to make sure that there is the  knowledge and skills present for data collection, triggering, monitoring, and updating of sanitation registers within villages and sub villages.

SAWA has instructed the existing microfinance groups on the importance of sanitation funding and of its great importance in improving sanitation in the community. In total, 35 active microfinance groups with 762 members (526 being females) and 14 active artisans (8 being members of those microfinance groups) are in place. The total fund in these groups is Tsh 52,098,338 with Tsh. 567,200 being the total amount taken as sanitation loan (4,025,000 taken by males and 1,647,000 taken by females. A total of 344 new and improved latrines have been constructed by these microfinance group members.

SAWA also partnered with Raleigh International – Tanzania, an organization that supports young Tanzanians and their fellow partners from the UK to volunteer and work with local communities as part of learning on WASH. This engagement supported access to sanitation and water services in 8 schools, where Raleigh provided industrial materials and labour costs while communities in respective schools provided local materials and labour. The volunteers provided hygiene education to communities.

Near the end of the contract, SAWA managed to facilitate 19 villages ODF, reaching 81,027 people (40,338 being female) in 15,849 HH, where 6 wards are now 100% ODF. A total of 35 microfinance groups and 14 active community artisans were created. The project reached 38 schools with 27,893 pupils (girls 14,368 and 13,525 boys). The remaining villages have reached to 98% of latrine coverage.

SAWA has managed to submit the final project report to Plan International. Therefore, we are waiting for the project extension, if SAWA will be selected for it. Currently, Plan International is doing an evaluation to sub-grantee based off of their performance.

ODF Project in Kilosa – 2017 Q4

The following activities have been performed so far:

  • Conducted building capacity training for people who will be collecting data and updating it on a quarterly basis at sub village level. The training was over the use of registers, understanding the different latrine options, and proper filling of the register. For WEOs and VEOs, the training aimed at building their knowledge on compilation, which is getting data from the registers, checking the numbers, filling summaries, and the reporting processes. The data collectors trained were from all 40 wards of the Kilosa district. A total of 1,069 people (762 men and 307 women) in 810 sub villages.
  • SAWA staff, with District Facilitation Team (DFT), conducted institutional triggering for a total of 631 participants (481 male, 150 female) in 30 wards. The aim was to build relationships with local leaders and other influential groups, share project implementation plan, share knowledge, experience, and setbacks of the data collection for villages under National Sanitation Campaign and for those who have not reached by National Sanitation Camping but have experience on data collection issues. They aimed to understand the existing hygiene and sanitation condition in order to jointly develop an action plan on how to improve the existing situation. All of this was done to equip them with an understanding of data collection, ODF verification, and the certification processes.

Planned activities for the upcoming period for the ODF project:

  • Conduct baseline data collection in 837 sub villages and data updating
  • Consolidate data collected from 40 wards and develop a district sanitation inventory/database
  • Conduct pre-triggering and triggering sessions at sub village level
  • Conduct sanitation promotion events and BCC material provision

COWSO Project – 2017 Q4

In this reporting period SAWA performed the following activities:

  • Managed to facilitate an overall assessment of water service status in 36 wards in Kilosa. The team used general forms from the District Water Engineer and that were facilitated through Ward Executive officers. The tool gave broader picture of water sources available, management models functionality of the water points. This information enabled SAWA/WARIDI to identify communities to concentrate on for the facilitation of COWSO formation, training, and to also facilitate registration processes.
  • Conducted COWSO Assessment using Community Index tool/Community Competence Model (CCM) on 9 COWSOs of Dumila, Madoto, Parakuyo, Ruaha, Maguha, Kidete, Magubike, Mvumi and Rudewa Wards, and also 4 water committees for Parakuyo, Kitete, Mandela and Wedo. The assessment results showed that 4 out of 9 COWSOs are still on the registration process and they have already submitted all required documents to district COWSO registrar. Some of the COWSO leaders are all new except the secretary, hence they have not received any kind of training because the first leadership was removed from office due to overstaying as per constitution. The other COWSOs are experiencing unstable power supply, which leads to low supply of water, high running cost of projects. For example, two months ago Dumila had to incur cost of Tsh. 8 million to buy a new motor because their existing one was broken due to power fluctuations. Auditing is not done regularly in all 9 assessed COWSOs, only one (Ruaha COWSO) was audited in August of 2016 and the rest have not been audited.
  • Water Point Mapping using GPS was conducted to map out the status of water facilities. A total of 23 villages have been mapped to start this exercise and it is expected to continue as the project is going. The purpose is to support and provide the District Water Engineer with good data on the status of the functionality of water projects in the district. The SAWA team is performing this task with DFT as part of capacity development.
  • Conducted community awareness meetings on the formation of COWSOs in the 12 villages of Mululu, Madizini, Kisanga, Wedo and Msolwa villages of Kisanga ward, Kitete, Madoto, Parakuyo villages of Madoto ward, Magole A and Mandela village of Magole ward, and Zombo village. Msolwa village requested more time to digest on the importance of their project being managed by COWSO because they are getting free water for the project from the Roman Catholic Church taking all costs for O&M and paying the water permit to Ruaha water basin. Magole village needs more time for internal discussions to clear their concerns regarding the water project before they decide togo for COWSO as model of management. The rest of the villages accepted and formed Interim committees to facilitate the development of constitution and registration, which will then be endorsed by the whole community.
  • Stakeholders’ orientation about the COWSO establishment and training was conducted to CWST, DFT, and ward representatives from new and existing COWSOs. The participants had an opportunity to understand the water policy of 2002, the Water and Sanitation Act no. 11 & 12 of 2009, and the 2010 water guidelines that governs COWSO establishment and its operations. The participants agreed that topics like financial management, customer care, and operation and maintenance are important to new and existing COWSOs. The findings of the initial assessment from COWSOs plus the challenges and best practices were shared to 22 people (14 males and 8 female stakeholders).
  • SAWA, in collaboration with WARIDI, facilitated Kilosa district Water Engineer (DWE), registrar and Community Development Officer to visit COWSO in Mvumi village as part of learning from existing COWSOs. It was observed that Mvumi are now in the process of introducing new metering systems (E-Water system), which uses an electronic device to count the amount of water used. This will reduce the quantity of unaccounted water and increase the water collections. The COWSO leaders plan to prepare and share income and expenditure report to COWSO members on a quarterly basis. The records shows that the project is progressing. For example, when the project started operating in 2012, only 4 people had a direct connection in their houses but now 116 houses are connected. The public points were 36 and now they are 37 DPs. The 1st week of November 2017, Mvumi COWSO visited Kidiwali COWSO in Manyara region to learn how E-Water system operates. In total, 15 people were engaged in the visit discussions, whereby 7 people were female and 8 were male.

Looking forward for the COWSO project in Kilosa:

  • Conduct orientation training to Interim committee and village leaders to develop a draft constitution.
  • Conduct support visits to COWSOs formation and registration processes to ensure compliance as per COWSO national guidelines and registration.
  • Conduct training  to new selected COWSO leaders and government leaders to equip them with relevant knowledge
  • Conduct a workshop with key stakeholders CWST, DFT, WARIDI to develop a sustainability plan.


Makete Water and Sanitation Project – 2017 Q4

SAWA has continued with the implementation of Community and School WASH Project phase II in 10 primary schools and 1 secondary school. A total of 2,716 HHs in 7 new villages with 32 sub-villages in 5 wards with the population of 10,928 people have been impacted as well as the consolidated work impacting 10 villages with 47 sub villages in Makete District. The intervention is targeting 3,205 children (1,596 boys and 1,609 girls) and 113 teachers (68 male and 45 female). The project aims to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene services in schools as a part of improving the school WASH services in the Makete District Council.

The project has completed the following:

  • Construction of 11 toilet blocks with 56 stances for pupils and 9 blocks for teachers with 18 stances was completed in all 11 schools. Currently the pupils have enjoyed their new toilet blocks, and the schools will take over the management official in January of 2018.
  • Completed rehabilitation of existing 17 toilet blocks for pupils and teachers. The rehabilitation works included wall plastering, removal of old iron sheet and fixing of new one, fixing of new doors and windows re-floor, ceramic pans, painting, the extension of water to toilets, and construction of hand washing facilities.

    Constructed toilet block for girls- Matamba primary
    Constructed toilet block for girls- Matamba primary
  • In the toilet for pupils with disabilities the pending work of fixing hand rails has been done in all 13 stances.
  • Completed construction of 13 burning chambers, 15 water points with an average of three outlets to improve water supply service have been completed, and all water points are functional.
  • Completed the improvement of community water supply in 2 villages (Igenge and Ikungula) and received water quality analysis results from Rufiji Basin. The results revealed that the water is suitable for domestic use. In addition, COWSO was formed and capacitated and it is currently in the process of registration.
  • Conducted school Committee Refreshers Governance refreshers training. All school committees were trained on School WASH Governance. Unlike the governance training conducted in March of 2017, the refreshers training involved entire schools’ committee members. A total of 120 members from 10 schools were facilitated on the governance issues for effective SWASH management and sustainability. Parents were also invited to participate in  meetings for Sustainable School WASH interventions. The parent meetings involved sharing and discussions of SWASH management, O&M, Monitoring, Gender Equity and Inclusion aspects, SWASH institutional frame work, and the duties and responsibilities of SWASH stakeholders.

    Boys pupils washing their hands
    Boys pupils washing their hands
  • As a result of SWASH Quarterly Monitoring, MHM in 4 secondary schools of Matamba Division was identified as a challenge which led to MHM training. The training involved 4 secondary and 20 primary schools, which included 60 students in each school and 1 SWASH teacher from each 20 primary schools. Schools were facilitated on the MHM aspects in School WASH interventions regarding infrastructures and behavior change for gender, equity and inclusion considerations.
  • Conducted School WASH follow ups by Ward Education officers on three star adoptions. It was observed that most schools have been changing positively towards meeting National School WASH standards. For example, Magoye Primary School constructed a standard kitchen, while Kitulo primary school constructed a dining room. All schools were observed to practice daily supervised group hand washing.

Looking forward for the Makete project

  • Handing over of constructed WASH facilities in schools
  • Continue implementation of community sanitation and demand creation and monitoring of school WASH facilities.

School WASH Project in Temeke and Kigamboni Municipalities – 2017 Q4

SAWA has successfully implemented a one year project in 8 schools in the Temeke and Kigamboni municipalities. A total 15,017 pupils (7,715 girls and 7,392 boys) now have better access to improved water supply and sanitation services.

Activities completed from October-December 2017:

  • Completed all minor finishing works on the facilities and the pupils have been able to start using them.
  • Conducted half day training on sustainability of WASH services in 8 schools that involved local government leaders, school committee members, ward education coordinators, SWASH teachers, and SWASH coordinators.
  • The joint inspection of WASH facilities/infrastructures was conducted by these participants in order to monitor how much the project had accomplished. The participants noted that the situation has improved, although most of schools did not have soap in the toilet blocks and some of the urinal tiles were not properly cleaned.
  • Each school developed a work plan and budget for the operation and maintenance of their facilities in order to ensure these small issues would be fixed.
  • A few pupils were picked randomly and asked a few questions about good hygiene practices and to demonstrate the five steps of hand washing with soap. The purpose of this was to test whether or not the SWASH clubs and SWASH teachers are actively playing their role and responsibilities in training pupils. Generally, the pupils were able to perform the five steps of hand washing with soap and practiced good hygiene behavior. This situation created evidence for the need to have budgeting and a plan for O&M.
  • After this training, SAWA officially handed over the project to school management.

Summary of Achievements:

  1. Enhanced the capacity of 8 schools’ committees, LGA leaders and teachers on SWASH management, budgeting process management, and O&M activities.
  2. Strengthened 94 SWASH teachers on how to educate pupils about hygiene using the national WASH guideline.
  3. Managed to form and strengthen school WASH clubs for 397 pupils (girls 219 and 178 boys). Pupils in 8 different schools are practicing improved hygiene behaviors.
  4. Increased access to sanitation facilities through the construction of 16 new blocks (72 stances for girls, 62 stances for boys, 12 stances for teachers, and 8 stances for pupils with disabilities, provided 1 stance in girls toilet for MHM, provided 9 urinals in boys toilet blocks, and repaired 9 existing 9 toilet blocks (18 for boys and 31 for girls). The bar chart below shows the comparison of ratio toilet stance to pupils before and after implementation of the project:c222c111



  1. Improved water supply services in all 8 schools through completing the following activities:
    1. Performed flushing, pump test, and water quality analysis in all existing wells (all wells have enough quantity of water and suitable for domestic use except two well which were disinfected).
    2. Drilled new water source (Wells 100m deep with discharge of 3.5m3/ hr). Installed submersible pump at Msufini Primary School.
    3. Constructed 12 water points with 5 taps each
    4. Constructed 2 water towers ( 5m and 3 high) at Msufini and Likwati
    5. Constructed 23 concrete hand washing facilities with an average of 4 outlets   inside
    6. Constructed 20 concrete GHW facilities in 7 schools and rehabilitated 7 facilities at Likwati primary
  1. Conduct a quarterly review meeting that involved representatives from Regional office   who are Regional Education Officer, Regional Water Engineer and district officers from water, education and health officers to ensure quality work done.

Looking forward, SAWA plans to monitor the projects and complete some minor repairs, as well as monitor group hand washing practices in order to ensure good hygiene behaviors are being practiced.