WASH project in two schools of Ilala and Temeke – 2018 Q1

SAWA has started implementation of school WASH project in project in two schools of Kivule and Yombo Dovya for Ilala and Temeke district respectively in Dar es Salaam region. This project is SAWA first engagement with such partner (private sector) to support WASH activities. The project is involving construction of two toilet blocks for girls with total of 18 stances including stance for disabled and adolescent girls, construction of two water points with 3 outlets each, two burning chambers and provision of hygiene education of school WASH clubs. The project has a total budget of 59,832,330Tsh   and is targeted to serve a total of 3209 girl’s pupils (2063 girls of Kivule and 1146 girls of Yombo Dovya primary schools).

Project Expected outcomes

After completion of project the following are expected results:

  • Improved access to sanitation and hand washing facilities in 2 schools
  • Improved hygiene behaviors (especially hand washing with soap) among pupils in 2 schools and respective communities through strengthening capacities of teachers in delivering effective hygiene education
  • O&M plans for SWASH developed and functional in 2 schools through strengthening of School Management Committees

The project contract is for one year, so far the implementation is on progress and the following has been done

  1. Project inception meetings were conducted on 10th January, Key outputs of inception meetings is that the two municipalities are very positive and willing to provide any backup required especially to support on funding for rehabilitation of existing facilities in both school that will remain for boys. The new structures will be built to cater for girls. Council were urged to make follow up on head teachers work including SWASH and necessity of having SWASH club, procurement of materials is on progress.
  2. The construction work started since 2nd February 2018 parallel to both schools after procurement and a mobilization of materials to the sites. SAWA engaged its own trained artisans to undertake the work using approved design except for Yombo Dovya toilet where the request was made to TOTAL to change the design by separating one room for children with disabilities (30 pupils with   intellectual impairment and physical disabilities) to be closer to their classroom as the proposed construction site can’t be easily accessed by them. The changes shall not affect the budget significantly; in this scenario SAWA management has accepted to top up in case of additional budget.

The construction three toilet blocks is progressing and completed to 50%   reached to the level of linter beam.

Construction of Soak way pits

In each toilet block 1 set of soak away pit with dimension of 12ft depth and diameter of 5ft each were constructed. However for the separated block for pupils with disabilities Yombo Dovya single pit will be constructed. The constructed soak away pits are   fixed with trapezoidal blocks and concrete slab at the top. So far, two sets have been completed to the level of concrete slab cover, the remaining works are finishing outside and fixing of manhole covers this is planned to be construct possibly before the rains starts.

Construction of water points

Construction of two water points with 3 outlets each have been completed to 95%, The water points were constructed with 5” vibrated cement blocks and concrete slab reinforced with wire mesh. The remaining works constitute connection of water pipe, flushing and fixing of water taps.

Construction of Burning chambers

The burning chambers/Small incinerators have been completed to 90%, the remaining tasks plastering and fixing of doors

Quality assurance

  • To ensure the work is done to the required standard and specifications, the school construction teams, engineers from both Municipalities under SAWA engineer and Technician along with SAWA management have been paying visit regularly to the site to monitor each stage of construction.
  • Also team from TOTAL Company visited the two schools to monitor the progress and ascertain the quality of workdone and give go ahead to continue with construction work. The team   appreciated the workdone in both schools and gave approval to continue with implementation while they are proceeding with second payment.

COWSO Project – 2018 Q1

The following activities have been completed on the COWSO Project in first quarter 2018:

      • Conduct orientation training to Interim committee and village leaders to develop a draft constitution: SAWA/WARIDI oriented interim committees and village leaders to develop draft constitution for the Community Owned Water Supply Organizations ( COWSO). A total number of 130 Participants (38 females, 92males) from all 11 villages attended the trainings, which included extension workers at ward level, WEOs, VEOs, councilors, village chairs and influential people. A total of 11 COWSO orientation trainings on COWSO formation were conducted namely Parakuyo, Kisanga, Kitete, Mandera, Magole, Madoto, Zombo, Kitunduweta, Wedo, Madizini, and Mululu villages, these were identified interim committees for drafting COWSO Constitutions. Orientation trainings covered important topics such as understanding of National Water Policy and governing legislations/water Acts, COWSO Formation and registration procedures, Constitution writing. Action plans were developed after training for finalization of drafts and presenting to village meeting for endorsement to allow further actions towards registration and full training of committees. SAWA conducted close follow up to get right participants to lead the process of COWSO formation on behalf of particular Community. A total of 160 participants, 16 from each (Intern Committee members, Village Chair person, VEO, WEO, Councilor, Extension officers, Influential people etc) village identified were facilitated to be part and parcel of the COWSO formation process. Dates and locations were identified and agreed at village and District level for inclusive and integrated intervention.
      • COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.
        COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.

        Conducted training to new selected COWSO leaders and government officials (WEO, CDO, VEO, Village chairs, councilors ) from 5 new COWSOs of Mandera, Magole, Kitunduweta, Madoto and Kitete villages. The purposes was to equip them with knowledge on operation and maintenance, financial management, sanitation and hygiene, communication, customer care, environment and water safety and leadership skills. Total of 82 participants attended the trainings, (55 males and 27 females among them youth 27 from 5 villages. All Trained COWSOs managed to develop first year budget to set base, these will be presented for approval to village meetings. Other actions include identification and development of database of water users and those who are able to pay, vulnerable people who will require special attention (free service), opening of bank account etc.

      • Conducted a workshop with key stakeholders to share project progress and development of COWSO sustainable plan. A total of 41 people (10Females, 31 Males and youth 11) participants attended included CWST, DFT, WARIDI Engagement coordinator and representatives from wards and village level. Participants developed COWSO sustainability plan which will further be improved by SAWA in close collaboration with individual players in Kilosa District Council(such as DWE etc) before final draft sharing. Major parts of Sustainability plan facilitated were Institutional sustainability, Finance, Policy, Environmental Sustainability, and Technical. The facilitations were conducted in teams, discussions were in groups and group presentations were conducted one at a time and lastly discussions were held and agreements were recorded in the presentation sheets. Therefore COWSO sustainability plan development was gender conscious, inclusive and Integrative.

Short Project time line- because of the limited time the process of COWSO establishment has been very fast, the team had not enough time for community contact leaving people not that conversant which may affect their sustainability, especially for communities with projects in place. Therefore District Water Engineer requested to conduct close follow up support to newly developed COWSOs to ensure they take their course properly.

Way forward for COWSO project in Kilosa:

      1. Conduct training to water care takers and COWSO leaders on operation and maintenance of water facilities.
      2. In collaboration with DFT, assess COWSO capacity after 8 months using CCM.
      3. Conduct refresher training to COWSO and water care takers to strengthen their capacities immediately after assessment.
      4. Continued follow up and technical monitoring to provide back stopping support to COWSO for sustainability enhancement.


Sanitation, Water and Hygiene services in Tunguli and Msamvu – 2018 Q1

SAWA has been contracted by Mission Morogoro (MM) to improve sanitation, water and hygiene services in Tunguli and Msamvu villages of Kilindi district , Tanga Region.

Mission Morogoro (MM) is a charity based in the UK. MM has been working in partnership with the people of Tunguli and the Anglican Diocese of Morogoro since 2012. Over the past 5 years MM has worked on a number of projects in health, education, agriculture and water/through which 5 rope pumps Have been already installed as the foundation was establishing relationship with SAWA.

The signed contract is for continue facilitating joint efforts of SAWA and Mission Morogoro (MM) in supporting improvement of basic Sanitation and water services in two villages (Msamvu and Tunguli) and 4 schools (2primary schools and 2 secondary schools) in Kilindi District Council in Tanga Region. The project is implemented in collaboration between communities, schools’ committees and leadership, schools’ students and pupils, parents and the LGA (Kilindi District Council).

The Interventions will directly benefit more than 3,997 people in both Tunguli and Msamvu villages including 1,213 students (575 girls and 638 boys) in 4 schools (2 primary schools and 2 secondary schools). Among the beneficiaries are 33 teachers (16 female and 17 male) in the primary and schools above.

The project contract is for one year and it has a total amount 29,000,000 Tsh (Twenty nine million shillings).

Summary of specific objectives and activities to be undertaken

Specific objective No.1: Engage Tunguli community in project planning and implementation

  • Inception workshop at the ward level including district representatives to share SAWA/MM project plan and Budget and develop a joint plan for implementation
  • Conduct village general assembly to share project plan and budget

Specific objective No 2: Establishment and registration of community management entity (COWSO) for sustainability enhancement

  • Awareness creation on national water and sanitation policies, legislation and guidelines
  • Conduct two days’ workshop to facilitate development of COWSO constitution that will provide general guidance for project operation and maintenance.
  • Conduct three days training to equip COWSO leaders with financial management, leadership

and operation and maintenance skills

  • Community water care takers visit Morogoro for two days to learn how to make rope

pump parts

Specific objective No 3: Promotion of sanitation and hygiene using Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach.

  •  Institutional triggering at the ward level to orient leaders on use of CLTS approach
  • Conduct one day Capacity building session of Sub Village teams on data collection
  • Preparation of sanitation and hygiene training material in line with National Sanitation campaign (NSC tools and fit to local environment in data collection, triggering (animators), technologies.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation including follow up on latrines construction and hygiene
  • Facilitate Internal and external ODF verification exercises

Expected Results:

  • Strengthened community management entity (COWSO) and able to operate and maintain WASH services.
  • Improved environment sanitation (household will construct and use latrine)
  • Active school health club – engaged in hygiene promotion
  • Reduced water and sanitation related diseases

The implementation has started, so far the following activities have been performed:

  1. Conducted project inception meeting at district level Wednesday 14th of March 2018. It was attended by DED (acting by then), DHO, DWE, SWASH coordinator, District registrar (dealing with COWSO registration), DCDO, SAWA team which involved Executive director, SAWA WASH advisor and M&E person and Representative from Mission Morogoro Mr. David Plummer. The puposes of the meeting was introduce to district offices and share activities done by MM in tunguli since 2012 , but also to share the coming project package and request for collaboration from district during project implementation. Generally the DED appreciated the support provided by MM and agreed to give their full support whenever needed for the success of the project
  1. Conducted inception meeting at ward level on Thursday 15th, attended 40 participants (15 female and 25male) , included Tunguli councilor. WEO, CDO, District representatives, VEOs from both villages of Msamvu and Tunguli, sub village chairs, influential people in the community, religious leaders, and leaders of women group. The meeting aimed at sharing the project activities and budget sanitation and hygiene improvement and also creates awareness on formation of community owned water supply organizations (COWSO) to come up with the joint implementation plan. The meeting was successful as all agenda were discuss and concluded, the community were happy and promised to collaborated will SAWA to ensure the project is implemented successful with great achievements.

Way forwards

Continue with implementation of project

ODF Project in Kilosa – 2018 Q1

The following activities have been performed so far:

  1. Facilitated the district to establish a district wide hygiene and sanitation data base in order to know the magnitude of the challenge and plan accordingly. The team worked on following up to receive data from wards and villages. Close follow up was done with WEOs/Health officers at ward where they received the data and VEOs. The data was received in a consolidated manner from Wards A3 and the forms for aggregation at ward level and villages A2 aggregation at village level were collected. As agreed in the WARIDI ODF annual meeting, the future consolidated data by VEOs in A2 will be submitted to DHO for gathering a district report. During this period SAWA continued to receive reports and enter data in the program data base. Original forms for 15 wards with data have been given to DHO. As of February 23rd, the data base has been updated and 36 out of the 40 wards have fully presented their information.
  1. Conducted community post triggering meetings in Magore B village with the aim of facilitating community members to identify their hygiene and sanitation practices that lead to diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, and other unhygienic related diseases through CLTS approach (this village has not been triggered before). Sensitization meetings were conducted in Mululu, Madizini, Wedo (Kisanga ward); Maguha village in Maguha ward, Kitete and Mfulu villages in Kitete ward. These villages were triggered under NSC I, therefore the purpose was to remind and motivate the community to improve and achieve ODF status. Key findings from triggered villages (under NSCI) showed that communities have knowledge on sanitation, although the exercise was done a long time ago, there were little efforts done to improve sanitation and hygiene practices. For example, still most of the latrines are traditional, no hand washing facilities are observed, and water treatment is not practiced at all. Communities, after recognizing the gaps, jointly signed a declaration of stopping open defecation practices and began an action plan of how to end the bad practices. The exercise was jointly done by SAWA staff and District Facilitation Team and reached total of 985 people (442 males and 543 females). Follow up activities will continue to drive these villages to ODF status especially in making sure all households through their sub village leaders are reached.odf project2. kitete village
  2. Conducted sanitation promotion events and BCC material provision hygiene and sanitation promotion, which aimed at increasing understanding among community members on good hygienic practices, awareness, and understanding of the importance of having improved sanitation facilities. The promotions were conducted through Radio Jamii Kilosa every Tuesday and the SAWA staff got an opportunity to discuss the pressing hygiene and sanitation issues that affect people either knowingly or unknowingly. Some of discussed issues include critical times of hand washing, characteristics of improved latrines, water treatment and safe storage, and liquid and solid waste management.
  3. SAWA team met with SWASH club at Kitete primary school where different topics on hygiene and sanitation, their roles as promoters of hygiene and sanitation in schools were discussed. Members of the club were very active and they knew their roles. The chair explained a few of their responsibilities, which included coordinating cleanliness around the school compound and latrines and educating their fellow children on maintaining cleanliness in the latrines. Personal hygiene was one of the topics discussed together with club members through questions and answers. In total, 44 pupils were reached in Kitete primary school.
  4. odf project. kitete villageSAWA staff had an opportunity to discuss menstrual hygiene management with the girls who are already experiencing menses and some expecting it at any time. The menstrual wheel and “As we grow up” flip books were used to show the whole process of puberty, the physical and emotional changes that a girl experiences when she reaches that stage, or when she is about to. The girls had an opportunity to share their experiences when it first started, and also had an opportunity to get correct information on what should and shouldn’t be done during a menstrual period.




  • Being rainy season, the amount of people able to attend the meetings was limited. Therefore, during post triggering gatherings and meetings the turn up of community members was not very large. A lot of people were busy with farm activities, and those who managed to attend the meeting arrived late, which caused the meeting to end very late in the evening. This also affected the deadline agreed upon with data collectors in collecting the submission of data from sub village level to district level.

Planned activities for upcoming period:

  • Conduct stakeholders’ workshop to provide feedback of the status and to develop district/ward sanitation and hygiene plans.
  • Follow up on latrines construction and hygiene practices.


Makete Water and Sanitation Project – 2018 Q1

SAWA has continued to implement Phase II in the Makete project, which covers the community water and sanitation in 7 new villages with 32-sub villages, reaching 2,716 HH’s with the population of 10,928 people. This includes school WASH project Phase II in 10 primary school and 1 secondary school. The RHe project is continuing with consolidation of Phase I in 10 villages with 47 sub villages. The makete project. kkkt church of nkenjaintervention is targeting 3,205 children (1,596 boys and 1,609 girls) and also 113 teachers (68 males and 45 female). The goal of the project is to improve water, sanitation and hygiene services in schools as a part of improving the overall school WASH services in Makete Disrict Council.

The following activites have been accomplished so far:

  • Completed finishing works in toilets for all 11 schools, which included the fixation of door grills, hand rails in toilets for pupils with disabilities, and pad boxes in the MHM rooms for adolescent girls.
  • makete project2. kkkt church of nkenjaConducted a 2 day long workshop in Mbeya to review the Fit for School approach. The workshop was attended by 20 participants (13 men and 7 women) from 4 UNICEF supported regions of Njombe, Mbeya, Iringa, and Dar es Salaam. The workshop involved National SWASH coordinators, regional Health officers form 4 regions, school WASH coordinators from 6 districts of NJombe, Makete, Iringa, Mbeya, Temeke, and Mbarali, and 2 representatives from implementing CSOs PDF and CRS, as well as the SAWA team.