WASH project in two schools of Ilala and Temeke – 2018 Q1

SAWA has started implementation of school WASH project in project in two schools of Kivule and Yombo Dovya for Ilala and Temeke district respectively in Dar es Salaam region. This project is SAWA first engagement with such partner (private sector) to support WASH activities. The project is involving construction of two toilet blocks for girls with total of 18 stances including stance for disabled and adolescent girls, construction of two water points with 3 outlets each, two burning chambers and provision of hygiene education of school WASH clubs. The project has a total budget of 59,832,330Tsh   and is targeted to serve a total of 3209 girl’s pupils (2063 girls of Kivule and 1146 girls of Yombo Dovya primary schools).

Project Expected outcomes

After completion of project the following are expected results:

  • Improved access to sanitation and hand washing facilities in 2 schools
  • Improved hygiene behaviors (especially hand washing with soap) among pupils in 2 schools and respective communities through strengthening capacities of teachers in delivering effective hygiene education
  • O&M plans for SWASH developed and functional in 2 schools through strengthening of School Management Committees

The project contract is for one year, so far the implementation is on progress and the following has been done

  1. Project inception meetings were conducted on 10th January, Key outputs of inception meetings is that the two municipalities are very positive and willing to provide any backup required especially to support on funding for rehabilitation of existing facilities in both school that will remain for boys. The new structures will be built to cater for girls. Council were urged to make follow up on head teachers work including SWASH and necessity of having SWASH club, procurement of materials is on progress.
  2. The construction work started since 2nd February 2018 parallel to both schools after procurement and a mobilization of materials to the sites. SAWA engaged its own trained artisans to undertake the work using approved design except for Yombo Dovya toilet where the request was made to TOTAL to change the design by separating one room for children with disabilities (30 pupils with   intellectual impairment and physical disabilities) to be closer to their classroom as the proposed construction site can’t be easily accessed by them. The changes shall not affect the budget significantly; in this scenario SAWA management has accepted to top up in case of additional budget.

The construction three toilet blocks is progressing and completed to 50%   reached to the level of linter beam.

Construction of Soak way pits

In each toilet block 1 set of soak away pit with dimension of 12ft depth and diameter of 5ft each were constructed. However for the separated block for pupils with disabilities Yombo Dovya single pit will be constructed. The constructed soak away pits are   fixed with trapezoidal blocks and concrete slab at the top. So far, two sets have been completed to the level of concrete slab cover, the remaining works are finishing outside and fixing of manhole covers this is planned to be construct possibly before the rains starts.

Construction of water points

Construction of two water points with 3 outlets each have been completed to 95%, The water points were constructed with 5” vibrated cement blocks and concrete slab reinforced with wire mesh. The remaining works constitute connection of water pipe, flushing and fixing of water taps.

Construction of Burning chambers

The burning chambers/Small incinerators have been completed to 90%, the remaining tasks plastering and fixing of doors

Quality assurance

  • To ensure the work is done to the required standard and specifications, the school construction teams, engineers from both Municipalities under SAWA engineer and Technician along with SAWA management have been paying visit regularly to the site to monitor each stage of construction.
  • Also team from TOTAL Company visited the two schools to monitor the progress and ascertain the quality of workdone and give go ahead to continue with construction work. The team   appreciated the workdone in both schools and gave approval to continue with implementation while they are proceeding with second payment.

COWSO Project – 2018 Q1

The following activities have been completed on the COWSO Project in first quarter 2018:

      • Conduct orientation training to Interim committee and village leaders to develop a draft constitution: SAWA/WARIDI oriented interim committees and village leaders to develop draft constitution for the Community Owned Water Supply Organizations ( COWSO). A total number of 130 Participants (38 females, 92males) from all 11 villages attended the trainings, which included extension workers at ward level, WEOs, VEOs, councilors, village chairs and influential people. A total of 11 COWSO orientation trainings on COWSO formation were conducted namely Parakuyo, Kisanga, Kitete, Mandera, Magole, Madoto, Zombo, Kitunduweta, Wedo, Madizini, and Mululu villages, these were identified interim committees for drafting COWSO Constitutions. Orientation trainings covered important topics such as understanding of National Water Policy and governing legislations/water Acts, COWSO Formation and registration procedures, Constitution writing. Action plans were developed after training for finalization of drafts and presenting to village meeting for endorsement to allow further actions towards registration and full training of committees. SAWA conducted close follow up to get right participants to lead the process of COWSO formation on behalf of particular Community. A total of 160 participants, 16 from each (Intern Committee members, Village Chair person, VEO, WEO, Councilor, Extension officers, Influential people etc) village identified were facilitated to be part and parcel of the COWSO formation process. Dates and locations were identified and agreed at village and District level for inclusive and integrated intervention.
      • COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.
        COWSO training Kitete village. Left participants discussing about water safety and O&M issues.

        Conducted training to new selected COWSO leaders and government officials (WEO, CDO, VEO, Village chairs, councilors ) from 5 new COWSOs of Mandera, Magole, Kitunduweta, Madoto and Kitete villages. The purposes was to equip them with knowledge on operation and maintenance, financial management, sanitation and hygiene, communication, customer care, environment and water safety and leadership skills. Total of 82 participants attended the trainings, (55 males and 27 females among them youth 27 from 5 villages. All Trained COWSOs managed to develop first year budget to set base, these will be presented for approval to village meetings. Other actions include identification and development of database of water users and those who are able to pay, vulnerable people who will require special attention (free service), opening of bank account etc.

      • Conducted a workshop with key stakeholders to share project progress and development of COWSO sustainable plan. A total of 41 people (10Females, 31 Males and youth 11) participants attended included CWST, DFT, WARIDI Engagement coordinator and representatives from wards and village level. Participants developed COWSO sustainability plan which will further be improved by SAWA in close collaboration with individual players in Kilosa District Council(such as DWE etc) before final draft sharing. Major parts of Sustainability plan facilitated were Institutional sustainability, Finance, Policy, Environmental Sustainability, and Technical. The facilitations were conducted in teams, discussions were in groups and group presentations were conducted one at a time and lastly discussions were held and agreements were recorded in the presentation sheets. Therefore COWSO sustainability plan development was gender conscious, inclusive and Integrative.

Short Project time line- because of the limited time the process of COWSO establishment has been very fast, the team had not enough time for community contact leaving people not that conversant which may affect their sustainability, especially for communities with projects in place. Therefore District Water Engineer requested to conduct close follow up support to newly developed COWSOs to ensure they take their course properly.

Way forward for COWSO project in Kilosa:

      1. Conduct training to water care takers and COWSO leaders on operation and maintenance of water facilities.
      2. In collaboration with DFT, assess COWSO capacity after 8 months using CCM.
      3. Conduct refresher training to COWSO and water care takers to strengthen their capacities immediately after assessment.
      4. Continued follow up and technical monitoring to provide back stopping support to COWSO for sustainability enhancement.


Sanitation, Water and Hygiene services in Tunguli and Msamvu – 2018 Q1

SAWA has been contracted by Mission Morogoro (MM) to improve sanitation, water and hygiene services in Tunguli and Msamvu villages of Kilindi district , Tanga Region.

Mission Morogoro (MM) is a charity based in the UK. MM has been working in partnership with the people of Tunguli and the Anglican Diocese of Morogoro since 2012. Over the past 5 years MM has worked on a number of projects in health, education, agriculture and water/through which 5 rope pumps Have been already installed as the foundation was establishing relationship with SAWA.

The signed contract is for continue facilitating joint efforts of SAWA and Mission Morogoro (MM) in supporting improvement of basic Sanitation and water services in two villages (Msamvu and Tunguli) and 4 schools (2primary schools and 2 secondary schools) in Kilindi District Council in Tanga Region. The project is implemented in collaboration between communities, schools’ committees and leadership, schools’ students and pupils, parents and the LGA (Kilindi District Council).

The Interventions will directly benefit more than 3,997 people in both Tunguli and Msamvu villages including 1,213 students (575 girls and 638 boys) in 4 schools (2 primary schools and 2 secondary schools). Among the beneficiaries are 33 teachers (16 female and 17 male) in the primary and schools above.

The project contract is for one year and it has a total amount 29,000,000 Tsh (Twenty nine million shillings).

Summary of specific objectives and activities to be undertaken

Specific objective No.1: Engage Tunguli community in project planning and implementation

  • Inception workshop at the ward level including district representatives to share SAWA/MM project plan and Budget and develop a joint plan for implementation
  • Conduct village general assembly to share project plan and budget

Specific objective No 2: Establishment and registration of community management entity (COWSO) for sustainability enhancement

  • Awareness creation on national water and sanitation policies, legislation and guidelines
  • Conduct two days’ workshop to facilitate development of COWSO constitution that will provide general guidance for project operation and maintenance.
  • Conduct three days training to equip COWSO leaders with financial management, leadership

and operation and maintenance skills

  • Community water care takers visit Morogoro for two days to learn how to make rope

pump parts

Specific objective No 3: Promotion of sanitation and hygiene using Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach.

  •  Institutional triggering at the ward level to orient leaders on use of CLTS approach
  • Conduct one day Capacity building session of Sub Village teams on data collection
  • Preparation of sanitation and hygiene training material in line with National Sanitation campaign (NSC tools and fit to local environment in data collection, triggering (animators), technologies.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation including follow up on latrines construction and hygiene
  • Facilitate Internal and external ODF verification exercises

Expected Results:

  • Strengthened community management entity (COWSO) and able to operate and maintain WASH services.
  • Improved environment sanitation (household will construct and use latrine)
  • Active school health club – engaged in hygiene promotion
  • Reduced water and sanitation related diseases

The implementation has started, so far the following activities have been performed:

  1. Conducted project inception meeting at district level Wednesday 14th of March 2018. It was attended by DED (acting by then), DHO, DWE, SWASH coordinator, District registrar (dealing with COWSO registration), DCDO, SAWA team which involved Executive director, SAWA WASH advisor and M&E person and Representative from Mission Morogoro Mr. David Plummer. The puposes of the meeting was introduce to district offices and share activities done by MM in tunguli since 2012 , but also to share the coming project package and request for collaboration from district during project implementation. Generally the DED appreciated the support provided by MM and agreed to give their full support whenever needed for the success of the project
  1. Conducted inception meeting at ward level on Thursday 15th, attended 40 participants (15 female and 25male) , included Tunguli councilor. WEO, CDO, District representatives, VEOs from both villages of Msamvu and Tunguli, sub village chairs, influential people in the community, religious leaders, and leaders of women group. The meeting aimed at sharing the project activities and budget sanitation and hygiene improvement and also creates awareness on formation of community owned water supply organizations (COWSO) to come up with the joint implementation plan. The meeting was successful as all agenda were discuss and concluded, the community were happy and promised to collaborated will SAWA to ensure the project is implemented successful with great achievements.

Way forwards

Continue with implementation of project

ODF Project in Kilosa – 2018 Q1

The following activities have been performed so far:

  1. Facilitated the district to establish a district wide hygiene and sanitation data base in order to know the magnitude of the challenge and plan accordingly. The team worked on following up to receive data from wards and villages. Close follow up was done with WEOs/Health officers at ward where they received the data and VEOs. The data was received in a consolidated manner from Wards A3 and the forms for aggregation at ward level and villages A2 aggregation at village level were collected. As agreed in the WARIDI ODF annual meeting, the future consolidated data by VEOs in A2 will be submitted to DHO for gathering a district report. During this period SAWA continued to receive reports and enter data in the program data base. Original forms for 15 wards with data have been given to DHO. As of February 23rd, the data base has been updated and 36 out of the 40 wards have fully presented their information.
  1. Conducted community post triggering meetings in Magore B village with the aim of facilitating community members to identify their hygiene and sanitation practices that lead to diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, and other unhygienic related diseases through CLTS approach (this village has not been triggered before). Sensitization meetings were conducted in Mululu, Madizini, Wedo (Kisanga ward); Maguha village in Maguha ward, Kitete and Mfulu villages in Kitete ward. These villages were triggered under NSC I, therefore the purpose was to remind and motivate the community to improve and achieve ODF status. Key findings from triggered villages (under NSCI) showed that communities have knowledge on sanitation, although the exercise was done a long time ago, there were little efforts done to improve sanitation and hygiene practices. For example, still most of the latrines are traditional, no hand washing facilities are observed, and water treatment is not practiced at all. Communities, after recognizing the gaps, jointly signed a declaration of stopping open defecation practices and began an action plan of how to end the bad practices. The exercise was jointly done by SAWA staff and District Facilitation Team and reached total of 985 people (442 males and 543 females). Follow up activities will continue to drive these villages to ODF status especially in making sure all households through their sub village leaders are reached.odf project2. kitete village
  2. Conducted sanitation promotion events and BCC material provision hygiene and sanitation promotion, which aimed at increasing understanding among community members on good hygienic practices, awareness, and understanding of the importance of having improved sanitation facilities. The promotions were conducted through Radio Jamii Kilosa every Tuesday and the SAWA staff got an opportunity to discuss the pressing hygiene and sanitation issues that affect people either knowingly or unknowingly. Some of discussed issues include critical times of hand washing, characteristics of improved latrines, water treatment and safe storage, and liquid and solid waste management.
  3. SAWA team met with SWASH club at Kitete primary school where different topics on hygiene and sanitation, their roles as promoters of hygiene and sanitation in schools were discussed. Members of the club were very active and they knew their roles. The chair explained a few of their responsibilities, which included coordinating cleanliness around the school compound and latrines and educating their fellow children on maintaining cleanliness in the latrines. Personal hygiene was one of the topics discussed together with club members through questions and answers. In total, 44 pupils were reached in Kitete primary school.
  4. odf project. kitete villageSAWA staff had an opportunity to discuss menstrual hygiene management with the girls who are already experiencing menses and some expecting it at any time. The menstrual wheel and “As we grow up” flip books were used to show the whole process of puberty, the physical and emotional changes that a girl experiences when she reaches that stage, or when she is about to. The girls had an opportunity to share their experiences when it first started, and also had an opportunity to get correct information on what should and shouldn’t be done during a menstrual period.




  • Being rainy season, the amount of people able to attend the meetings was limited. Therefore, during post triggering gatherings and meetings the turn up of community members was not very large. A lot of people were busy with farm activities, and those who managed to attend the meeting arrived late, which caused the meeting to end very late in the evening. This also affected the deadline agreed upon with data collectors in collecting the submission of data from sub village level to district level.

Planned activities for upcoming period:

  • Conduct stakeholders’ workshop to provide feedback of the status and to develop district/ward sanitation and hygiene plans.
  • Follow up on latrines construction and hygiene practices.


Makete Water and Sanitation Project – 2018 Q1

SAWA has continued to implement Phase II in the Makete project, which covers the community water and sanitation in 7 new villages with 32-sub villages, reaching 2,716 HH’s with the population of 10,928 people. This includes school WASH project Phase II in 10 primary school and 1 secondary school. The RHe project is continuing with consolidation of Phase I in 10 villages with 47 sub villages. The makete project. kkkt church of nkenjaintervention is targeting 3,205 children (1,596 boys and 1,609 girls) and also 113 teachers (68 males and 45 female). The goal of the project is to improve water, sanitation and hygiene services in schools as a part of improving the overall school WASH services in Makete Disrict Council.

The following activites have been accomplished so far:

  • Completed finishing works in toilets for all 11 schools, which included the fixation of door grills, hand rails in toilets for pupils with disabilities, and pad boxes in the MHM rooms for adolescent girls.
  • makete project2. kkkt church of nkenjaConducted a 2 day long workshop in Mbeya to review the Fit for School approach. The workshop was attended by 20 participants (13 men and 7 women) from 4 UNICEF supported regions of Njombe, Mbeya, Iringa, and Dar es Salaam. The workshop involved National SWASH coordinators, regional Health officers form 4 regions, school WASH coordinators from 6 districts of NJombe, Makete, Iringa, Mbeya, Temeke, and Mbarali, and 2 representatives from implementing CSOs PDF and CRS, as well as the SAWA team.


School WASH in Temeke and Kigamboni Municipalities – 2018 Q1

After the completion of this successful project, 15,017 pupils (7,715 girls and 7,392 boys) from 8 different schools have access to improved water supply and sanitation services.

As a part of monitoring for this project, the SAWA team supervised group hand washing practices and behaviors at all 8 schools and provided menstrual hygiene education for girls age 10 and older. The monitoring was a successful activity because all of the pupils were observed while washing their hands and then taught proper behaviors. All of the teachers were encouraged to supervise the proper hand washing exercise everyday and least once. The Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) knowledge, a total of 1,372 girls (563 in Temeke and 809 in Kigamboni) were reached. The MHM training was very beneficial since the majority of girls were not aware of proper hygiene behaviors for their menstrual cycle. During the sessions the girls had the chance to ask questions, and they also promised to protect themselves and support each other, as well as to attend classes during their menstruation period.

Looking ahead, SAWA will continue to regularly monitor all of the schools with the WASH programs to ensure good hygiene behaviors continue among the pupils and to document the good practices and lessons learned.

UMATA – Sanitation and Demand Creation in Kongwa – 2017 Q4

SAWA has managed to implement the UMATA program in the Kongwa District Council by facilitating demand creation for communities living in Kongwa Rural villages and urban centers, which covers 31 villages with 146- sub-villages (total household 26,859 with population of 128,208 people (63,758 are male and 64,450 female) in 11 wards with school children from 38 primary schools. The contract was over the period of May 1st 2016 to October 31st 2017.

SAWA worked in collaboration with the district team from Kongwa through DHO, the SWASH Coordinator, the Community Development Officer at ward, and village level worked with Ward Health officers, Ward Education officers, WEOs, Village Executive officers, and community members through CLTS teams.

SAWA used community-led total sanitation (CLTS) approach for demand creation and triggering the community to stop open defecation. The triggering involved rapport building with the community, participatory analysis, ignition moment, action planning by the community, promotion of hand washing, and conducted close follow up.

SAWA played a role in capacity development to ward and village leaders through multiple trainings to make sure that there is the  knowledge and skills present for data collection, triggering, monitoring, and updating of sanitation registers within villages and sub villages.

SAWA has instructed the existing microfinance groups on the importance of sanitation funding and of its great importance in improving sanitation in the community. In total, 35 active microfinance groups with 762 members (526 being females) and 14 active artisans (8 being members of those microfinance groups) are in place. The total fund in these groups is Tsh 52,098,338 with Tsh. 567,200 being the total amount taken as sanitation loan (4,025,000 taken by males and 1,647,000 taken by females. A total of 344 new and improved latrines have been constructed by these microfinance group members.

SAWA also partnered with Raleigh International – Tanzania, an organization that supports young Tanzanians and their fellow partners from the UK to volunteer and work with local communities as part of learning on WASH. This engagement supported access to sanitation and water services in 8 schools, where Raleigh provided industrial materials and labour costs while communities in respective schools provided local materials and labour. The volunteers provided hygiene education to communities.

Near the end of the contract, SAWA managed to facilitate 19 villages ODF, reaching 81,027 people (40,338 being female) in 15,849 HH, where 6 wards are now 100% ODF. A total of 35 microfinance groups and 14 active community artisans were created. The project reached 38 schools with 27,893 pupils (girls 14,368 and 13,525 boys). The remaining villages have reached to 98% of latrine coverage.

SAWA has managed to submit the final project report to Plan International. Therefore, we are waiting for the project extension, if SAWA will be selected for it. Currently, Plan International is doing an evaluation to sub-grantee based off of their performance.

ODF Project in Kilosa – 2017 Q4

The following activities have been performed so far:

  • Conducted building capacity training for people who will be collecting data and updating it on a quarterly basis at sub village level. The training was over the use of registers, understanding the different latrine options, and proper filling of the register. For WEOs and VEOs, the training aimed at building their knowledge on compilation, which is getting data from the registers, checking the numbers, filling summaries, and the reporting processes. The data collectors trained were from all 40 wards of the Kilosa district. A total of 1,069 people (762 men and 307 women) in 810 sub villages.
  • SAWA staff, with District Facilitation Team (DFT), conducted institutional triggering for a total of 631 participants (481 male, 150 female) in 30 wards. The aim was to build relationships with local leaders and other influential groups, share project implementation plan, share knowledge, experience, and setbacks of the data collection for villages under National Sanitation Campaign and for those who have not reached by National Sanitation Camping but have experience on data collection issues. They aimed to understand the existing hygiene and sanitation condition in order to jointly develop an action plan on how to improve the existing situation. All of this was done to equip them with an understanding of data collection, ODF verification, and the certification processes.

Planned activities for the upcoming period for the ODF project:

  • Conduct baseline data collection in 837 sub villages and data updating
  • Consolidate data collected from 40 wards and develop a district sanitation inventory/database
  • Conduct pre-triggering and triggering sessions at sub village level
  • Conduct sanitation promotion events and BCC material provision

COWSO Project – 2017 Q4

In this reporting period SAWA performed the following activities:

  • Managed to facilitate an overall assessment of water service status in 36 wards in Kilosa. The team used general forms from the District Water Engineer and that were facilitated through Ward Executive officers. The tool gave broader picture of water sources available, management models functionality of the water points. This information enabled SAWA/WARIDI to identify communities to concentrate on for the facilitation of COWSO formation, training, and to also facilitate registration processes.
  • Conducted COWSO Assessment using Community Index tool/Community Competence Model (CCM) on 9 COWSOs of Dumila, Madoto, Parakuyo, Ruaha, Maguha, Kidete, Magubike, Mvumi and Rudewa Wards, and also 4 water committees for Parakuyo, Kitete, Mandela and Wedo. The assessment results showed that 4 out of 9 COWSOs are still on the registration process and they have already submitted all required documents to district COWSO registrar. Some of the COWSO leaders are all new except the secretary, hence they have not received any kind of training because the first leadership was removed from office due to overstaying as per constitution. The other COWSOs are experiencing unstable power supply, which leads to low supply of water, high running cost of projects. For example, two months ago Dumila had to incur cost of Tsh. 8 million to buy a new motor because their existing one was broken due to power fluctuations. Auditing is not done regularly in all 9 assessed COWSOs, only one (Ruaha COWSO) was audited in August of 2016 and the rest have not been audited.
  • Water Point Mapping using GPS was conducted to map out the status of water facilities. A total of 23 villages have been mapped to start this exercise and it is expected to continue as the project is going. The purpose is to support and provide the District Water Engineer with good data on the status of the functionality of water projects in the district. The SAWA team is performing this task with DFT as part of capacity development.
  • Conducted community awareness meetings on the formation of COWSOs in the 12 villages of Mululu, Madizini, Kisanga, Wedo and Msolwa villages of Kisanga ward, Kitete, Madoto, Parakuyo villages of Madoto ward, Magole A and Mandela village of Magole ward, and Zombo village. Msolwa village requested more time to digest on the importance of their project being managed by COWSO because they are getting free water for the project from the Roman Catholic Church taking all costs for O&M and paying the water permit to Ruaha water basin. Magole village needs more time for internal discussions to clear their concerns regarding the water project before they decide togo for COWSO as model of management. The rest of the villages accepted and formed Interim committees to facilitate the development of constitution and registration, which will then be endorsed by the whole community.
  • Stakeholders’ orientation about the COWSO establishment and training was conducted to CWST, DFT, and ward representatives from new and existing COWSOs. The participants had an opportunity to understand the water policy of 2002, the Water and Sanitation Act no. 11 & 12 of 2009, and the 2010 water guidelines that governs COWSO establishment and its operations. The participants agreed that topics like financial management, customer care, and operation and maintenance are important to new and existing COWSOs. The findings of the initial assessment from COWSOs plus the challenges and best practices were shared to 22 people (14 males and 8 female stakeholders).
  • SAWA, in collaboration with WARIDI, facilitated Kilosa district Water Engineer (DWE), registrar and Community Development Officer to visit COWSO in Mvumi village as part of learning from existing COWSOs. It was observed that Mvumi are now in the process of introducing new metering systems (E-Water system), which uses an electronic device to count the amount of water used. This will reduce the quantity of unaccounted water and increase the water collections. The COWSO leaders plan to prepare and share income and expenditure report to COWSO members on a quarterly basis. The records shows that the project is progressing. For example, when the project started operating in 2012, only 4 people had a direct connection in their houses but now 116 houses are connected. The public points were 36 and now they are 37 DPs. The 1st week of November 2017, Mvumi COWSO visited Kidiwali COWSO in Manyara region to learn how E-Water system operates. In total, 15 people were engaged in the visit discussions, whereby 7 people were female and 8 were male.

Looking forward for the COWSO project in Kilosa:

  • Conduct orientation training to Interim committee and village leaders to develop a draft constitution.
  • Conduct support visits to COWSOs formation and registration processes to ensure compliance as per COWSO national guidelines and registration.
  • Conduct training  to new selected COWSO leaders and government leaders to equip them with relevant knowledge
  • Conduct a workshop with key stakeholders CWST, DFT, WARIDI to develop a sustainability plan.


Makete Water and Sanitation Project – 2017 Q4

SAWA has continued with the implementation of Community and School WASH Project phase II in 10 primary schools and 1 secondary school. A total of 2,716 HHs in 7 new villages with 32 sub-villages in 5 wards with the population of 10,928 people have been impacted as well as the consolidated work impacting 10 villages with 47 sub villages in Makete District. The intervention is targeting 3,205 children (1,596 boys and 1,609 girls) and 113 teachers (68 male and 45 female). The project aims to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene services in schools as a part of improving the school WASH services in the Makete District Council.

The project has completed the following:

  • Construction of 11 toilet blocks with 56 stances for pupils and 9 blocks for teachers with 18 stances was completed in all 11 schools. Currently the pupils have enjoyed their new toilet blocks, and the schools will take over the management official in January of 2018.
  • Completed rehabilitation of existing 17 toilet blocks for pupils and teachers. The rehabilitation works included wall plastering, removal of old iron sheet and fixing of new one, fixing of new doors and windows re-floor, ceramic pans, painting, the extension of water to toilets, and construction of hand washing facilities.

    Constructed toilet block for girls- Matamba primary
    Constructed toilet block for girls- Matamba primary
  • In the toilet for pupils with disabilities the pending work of fixing hand rails has been done in all 13 stances.
  • Completed construction of 13 burning chambers, 15 water points with an average of three outlets to improve water supply service have been completed, and all water points are functional.
  • Completed the improvement of community water supply in 2 villages (Igenge and Ikungula) and received water quality analysis results from Rufiji Basin. The results revealed that the water is suitable for domestic use. In addition, COWSO was formed and capacitated and it is currently in the process of registration.
  • Conducted school Committee Refreshers Governance refreshers training. All school committees were trained on School WASH Governance. Unlike the governance training conducted in March of 2017, the refreshers training involved entire schools’ committee members. A total of 120 members from 10 schools were facilitated on the governance issues for effective SWASH management and sustainability. Parents were also invited to participate in  meetings for Sustainable School WASH interventions. The parent meetings involved sharing and discussions of SWASH management, O&M, Monitoring, Gender Equity and Inclusion aspects, SWASH institutional frame work, and the duties and responsibilities of SWASH stakeholders.

    Boys pupils washing their hands
    Boys pupils washing their hands
  • As a result of SWASH Quarterly Monitoring, MHM in 4 secondary schools of Matamba Division was identified as a challenge which led to MHM training. The training involved 4 secondary and 20 primary schools, which included 60 students in each school and 1 SWASH teacher from each 20 primary schools. Schools were facilitated on the MHM aspects in School WASH interventions regarding infrastructures and behavior change for gender, equity and inclusion considerations.
  • Conducted School WASH follow ups by Ward Education officers on three star adoptions. It was observed that most schools have been changing positively towards meeting National School WASH standards. For example, Magoye Primary School constructed a standard kitchen, while Kitulo primary school constructed a dining room. All schools were observed to practice daily supervised group hand washing.

Looking forward for the Makete project

  • Handing over of constructed WASH facilities in schools
  • Continue implementation of community sanitation and demand creation and monitoring of school WASH facilities.

School WASH Project in Temeke and Kigamboni Municipalities – 2017 Q4

SAWA has successfully implemented a one year project in 8 schools in the Temeke and Kigamboni municipalities. A total 15,017 pupils (7,715 girls and 7,392 boys) now have better access to improved water supply and sanitation services.

Activities completed from October-December 2017:

  • Completed all minor finishing works on the facilities and the pupils have been able to start using them.
  • Conducted half day training on sustainability of WASH services in 8 schools that involved local government leaders, school committee members, ward education coordinators, SWASH teachers, and SWASH coordinators.
  • The joint inspection of WASH facilities/infrastructures was conducted by these participants in order to monitor how much the project had accomplished. The participants noted that the situation has improved, although most of schools did not have soap in the toilet blocks and some of the urinal tiles were not properly cleaned.
  • Each school developed a work plan and budget for the operation and maintenance of their facilities in order to ensure these small issues would be fixed.
  • A few pupils were picked randomly and asked a few questions about good hygiene practices and to demonstrate the five steps of hand washing with soap. The purpose of this was to test whether or not the SWASH clubs and SWASH teachers are actively playing their role and responsibilities in training pupils. Generally, the pupils were able to perform the five steps of hand washing with soap and practiced good hygiene behavior. This situation created evidence for the need to have budgeting and a plan for O&M.
  • After this training, SAWA officially handed over the project to school management.

Summary of Achievements:

  1. Enhanced the capacity of 8 schools’ committees, LGA leaders and teachers on SWASH management, budgeting process management, and O&M activities.
  2. Strengthened 94 SWASH teachers on how to educate pupils about hygiene using the national WASH guideline.
  3. Managed to form and strengthen school WASH clubs for 397 pupils (girls 219 and 178 boys). Pupils in 8 different schools are practicing improved hygiene behaviors.
  4. Increased access to sanitation facilities through the construction of 16 new blocks (72 stances for girls, 62 stances for boys, 12 stances for teachers, and 8 stances for pupils with disabilities, provided 1 stance in girls toilet for MHM, provided 9 urinals in boys toilet blocks, and repaired 9 existing 9 toilet blocks (18 for boys and 31 for girls). The bar chart below shows the comparison of ratio toilet stance to pupils before and after implementation of the project:c222c111



  1. Improved water supply services in all 8 schools through completing the following activities:
    1. Performed flushing, pump test, and water quality analysis in all existing wells (all wells have enough quantity of water and suitable for domestic use except two well which were disinfected).
    2. Drilled new water source (Wells 100m deep with discharge of 3.5m3/ hr). Installed submersible pump at Msufini Primary School.
    3. Constructed 12 water points with 5 taps each
    4. Constructed 2 water towers ( 5m and 3 high) at Msufini and Likwati
    5. Constructed 23 concrete hand washing facilities with an average of 4 outlets   inside
    6. Constructed 20 concrete GHW facilities in 7 schools and rehabilitated 7 facilities at Likwati primary
  1. Conduct a quarterly review meeting that involved representatives from Regional office   who are Regional Education Officer, Regional Water Engineer and district officers from water, education and health officers to ensure quality work done.

Looking forward, SAWA plans to monitor the projects and complete some minor repairs, as well as monitor group hand washing practices in order to ensure good hygiene behaviors are being practiced.